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Физиология растений и генетика 2017, том 49, № 4, 300-311, doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/frg2017.04.300

ЦИТОГЕНЕТИЧНА АКТИВНІСТЬ ЗАБРУДНЕНИХ РАДІОНУКЛІДАМИ ПОВЕРХНЕВИХ ВОДОЙМ ЗОНИ ВПЛИВУ ХВОСТОСХОВИЩА УРАНОДОБУВНОЇ ПРОМИСЛОВОСТІ

Якимчук Р.А.

  • Інститут фізіології рослин і генетики Національної академії наук України 03022 Київ, вул. Васильківська, 31/17

Проведено цитогенетичний аналіз клітин кореневої меристеми пшениці озимої м’якої (Triticum aestivum L.), насіння якої було пророщене за умов впливу забруднень природними радіонуклідами води і донних відкладів водойм зони впливу хвостосховища уранодобувної про­мисловості. Частота хромосомних аберацій в 1,3—4,4 раза перевищувала спонтанний рівень. Спектр типів цитогенетичних порушень переважно формують ацентричні фрагменти і мости. Підвищена частота клітин з множинними абераціями за умов впливу радіонуклідів водойм свідчить про їх високу мутагенну активність, яка частково може бути зумовлена особливістю реакції-відповіді системи відновлення радіаційно індукованих цитогенетичних порушень у діапазоні малих доз опромінення.

Ключові слова: Triticum aestivum L., цитогенетичні порушення, хромосомні аберації, аномалії мітозу, радіонуклідне забруднення, поверхневі водойми

Физиология растений и генетика
2017, том 49, № 4, 300-311

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