Fiziol. rast. genet. 2020, vol. 52, no. 4, 342-352, doi:

Achievements of scien­tists of «Plant growth and development, physiologically active substances» section of the Ukrainian society of plant physiologists (2018—2019)

Kosakivska I.V., Zolotareva E.K., Voytenko L.V.

  • M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine  2 Tereshchenkivska St., Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine

Section «Plant Growth and Development, Physiologically Active Substances» of the Ukrainian Society of Plant Physiologists unites scientists of the Phytohormonology Department and the Department of Membranology and Phytochemistry of the M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of NAS of Ukraine. The section includes four doctors and fifteen candidates of biological sciences. Studies in the field of phytophysiology have established patterns of the phytohormonal system functioning in fern sporophytes during ontogenesis, and determined the optimal concentrations of exogenous phytohormones for initiating spore germination and gametophyte development in vitro culture. Triticum aestivum and T. spelta grain priming with exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) has been proved to cause resistance to hyperthermia and moderate soil drought, as well as to accelerate recovery from stresses. The cereals growth dynamics under hyperthermia and soil drought conditions, and during the recovery period was shown to be regulated by the balance and localization of endogenous ABA and indole-3-acetic acid. The biotechnological basis for the production of biological preparations with a high cytokinin activity from the mycelial biomass of medicinal mushrooms has been developed for use in medicine. The biotechnological winter wheat priming with a new preparation based on bacterial mediators — acylhomoserinlactone was tested in the field. The invention patent was granted. Studies of phytochemists have established that stromal carbonic anhydrases (CA) of chloroplasts have different sensitivity to heavy metals. The data obtained confirm the possibility of using chloroplasts CA for the early monitoring of environmental pollution. The existence of regulatory sites in the ATP-synthase complex of chloroplasts that are sensitive to the level of HCO3-/CO2 in the medium was proved. Sucrose was demonstrated to be involved in the adaptation of Galanthus nivalis photosynthetic apparatus to low temperatures. A measuring unit for CO2 ecosystem flows based on the CO2 gas analyzer S-151 was installed to assess the effects of environmental pollution with oil products and heavy metals.

Keywords: phytohormonology, phytochemistry, membranology, biotechnology, cereals, photosynthesis, heavy metals

Fiziol. rast. genet.
2020, vol. 52, no. 4, 342-352

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