Fiziol. rast. genet. 2020, vol. 52, no. 4, 331-341, doi:

The influence of silicon-containing mixtures on growth and development dynamics, and nutritional elements content  in ornamental plants under affection by Erysiphales

Makarenko N.V., Zaimenko N.V.

  • M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 1 Tymiryazevska St., Kyiv, 01014, Ukraine

Nutritional elements content, growth and development dynamics of plants of the genus Rosa L. ‘Duc de Constantine’ (Soupert & Notting, 1857) variety and Monarda didyma L. under the conditions of greenhouse and open air growing at affection by the agent of Erysiphales and the presence of silicon-containing mixes are analyzed. It was established that the use of silicon-containing mixes accelerates growth processes, supports a longer flowering period, decreases the spread of the disease and reduces the intensity of plant damage by powdery mildew micromycetes. Under conditions of pathogenesis, the increase of nitrogen and manganese content in the leaves of plants, and an essential decrease of phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and iron content were observed. There was an increase of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and calcium content in the leaves at the application of calcium silicate and lignin, modified with silicic acid.

Keywords: Erysiphales, micromycetes, silicon-containing mixes, nutrients, plant resistance

Fiziol. rast. genet.
2020, vol. 52, no. 4, 331-341

Full text and supplemented materials

Free full text: PDF  


1. Kramarev, S.M., Polianchikov, S.P. & Covbel, A.I. Silicon and plant protection against stress: theory, practice, perspectives. Retrieved from art_06.pdf [in Russian].

2. Epstein, E. (2009). Silicon: its manifold roles in plants. Annals of Applied Biology, USA, Iss. 2, pp. 155-160.

3. Rodrigues, F.A. & Datnoff, L.E. (2015). Silicon and plant diseases. Springer. Retrieved from The+effect+of+silicon&hl=ru&source=gbs_navlinks_s

4. Ma, J.F. & Yamaji, N. (2006). Silicon uptake and accumulation in higher plants. Trends Plant Sci., Iss. 11 (8), pp. 392-397.

5. Alyoshin, N.E. (1996). Siliceous of rice (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Krasnodar [in Russian].

6. Voronkov, M.G., Zelchan, G.I. & Lukevits, E.Ya. (1978). Silicon and life. Biochemistry, pharmacology and toxicologists of silicon compounds, Iss. 2 (588 p.), Riga, Zinatne [in Russian].

7. Emadian, S.F. & Newton, R.J. (1989). Growth enhancement of Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) seedlings by silicon. Plant Physiol., Iss., 134, pp. 98-103. Retrieved from

8. Heath, M.C. (1979). Partial characterization of the electron opaque deposits formed in the non-host plant, French bean, after cowpea rust infection. Physiol. Plant Pathol., No. 15, pp. 141-148.

9. Matychenkov, V.V. (2008). The role of mobile silicon compounds in plant and system soil-plant (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Pushchino. Retrieved from [in Russian]

10. Kemecheva, M.Ch. (2003). The role of silicon fertilizers in increasing rice productivity on the left bank of River Cuban (Unpublished candidate thesis). Maicop [in Russian].

11. Liang, Y., Sun, W., Zhu, Y.-G. & Christie, P. (2007). Mechanisms of silicon-mediated alleviation of abiotic stresses in higher plants: a review. Environmental Pollution, No. 147, pp. 422-428.

12. Currie, H.A. & Perry, C.C. (2007). Silica in Plants: Biological, Biochemical and Chemical Studies. Ann Bot., Iss. 100 (7), pp. 1383-1389.

13. Index fungorum. doi:

14. Tribel, S.O. ( Ed.), Sigaryova, D.D., Secun, M.P. & Ivashchenko, O.O. (2001). Methods of testing and application of pesticides. Kyiv: Svit [in Ukrainian].

15. Kriva, O.I. (2014). The influence of transport on morphology and influence of transport pollution on morphology and development of fruiting bodies Sawadea bicornis (Erysiphaceae) in city Lviv. Modern Phytomorphology, No. 6, pp. 349-352.

16. Heluta, V.P. & Dudka, I.A. (Ed.) (1989). The Flore of Ukraine fungus. Powdery mildew. Akad. nauk USSR. M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany. Kyiv: Nauk. dumka [in Russian].

17. Rinkis, G.Ya. & Hollendorf, V.F. (1982). Balanced nutrition of plants by macro- and micronutrients. Riga: Zinatne.