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Физиология растений и генетика 2016, том 48, № 4, 324-343, doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/frg2016.04.324

Стан та перспективи використання пшенично-житніх транслокацій у селекції озимої м'якої пшениці

Моргун Б.В.

  • Інститут фізіології рослин і генетики Національної академії наук України 03022 Київ, вул. Васильківська, 31/17
  • Інститут клітинної біології та генетичної інженерії Національної академії наук України 03143 Київ, вул. Академіка Заболот­ного, 148

Наведено огляд літератури стосовно генетичного вивчення та селекційного використання пшенично-житніх транслокацій з метою генетичного поліпшення озимої пшениці Triticum aestivum L. Розглянуто основні методи ідентифікації й особливості успадкування транслокацій. Проаналізовано генетичні джерела стійкості до біотичних та абіотичних чинників від диких видів злакових. Показано можливість зниження не­гативного впливу транслокацій на якість борошна, їх важливе значення в селекції озимої пшениці на продуктивність і стійкість до стресових чинників довкілля. Описано досвід створення транслокаційних сортів озимої пшениці, якими у виробництві засівають значні площі.

Ключові слова: озима м’яка пшениця, пшенично-житня транслокація, джерела стійкості, якість зерна, міжвидова гібридизація

Физиология растений и генетика
2016, том 48, № 4, 324-343

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